Subtraction: 3-Digit Numbers

This page has printables for teaching three-digit subtraction. There are lots of traditional worksheets, as well as card games and math riddle puzzles.

Most of the PDF resources are Common Core aligned. Some are even available in Spanish too.

3-Digit Subtraction
Worksheets
Practice subtracting 3-digit numbers with borrowing / regrouping.
2nd through 4th Grades
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Common Core
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Riddle: How does a rabbit travel? To find the answer, solve three-digit subtraction problems. Then match the answers with the letters to decode the solution to the riddle.
2nd through 4th Grades
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Common Core
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Subtract pairs of three-digit numbers to find the differences. Most problems require borrowing across zero. Then match up the letters to the answers to find the answer to a funny riddle.
2nd through 4th Grades
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Common Core
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On the top of this page, there are pictures of shapes with 3-digit numbers in them. Students find differences between pairs of shapes. For example: Subtract the number in the pentagon from the number
in the octagon.
2nd through 4th Grades
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These subtraction story problems involve borrowing.  Students work with 2 and 3-digit numbers on this activity.
2nd through 4th Grades
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Common Core
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Solve the subtraction problems and color the answers on the bingo boards.  Can you get a bingo?
2nd through 4th Grades
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Common Core
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Color the picture of the knight, dragon, and castle. Then solve the subtraction problems.
2nd through 4th Grades
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Common Core
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Use base 10 blocks (place value blocks) to solve the subtraction problems on this worksheet.
2nd through 4th Grades
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Common Core
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These completed subtraction problems have mistakes in them. Figure out what's wrong with each one and explain.
2nd through 4th Grades
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Common Core
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Here's a fun activity that kids enjoy. First, students decode the picture symbols using the cipher key near the top of the page. Then they subtract the numbers they've decoded.
2nd through 4th Grades
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This worksheet is similar to the one above, except all problems require students to subtract across zero. (example: 700-382)
2nd through 4th Grades
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Cut out the math cards. Solve the subtraction problems. Then sort the answers into "even differences" and "odd differences." After that, students glue the math cards in the correct columns on the t-chart.
2nd through 4th Grades
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Subtract to find the missing addends  (example: 71 + __ = 143)
2nd through 4th Grades
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Practice 3-digit Subtracting with borrowing / regrouping.  Check by adding.
2nd through 4th Grades
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Subtraction problems with 3-digit quantities; Requires borrowing; Crab pictures
2nd through 4th Grades
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Subtract the three-digit numbers to find the differences. All problems require some borrowing. There are also two word problems.
2nd through 4th Grades
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Common Core
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Rewrite each problem vertically, then solve.  Students required to "line up the digits" correctly.
2nd through 4th Grades
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Common Core
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Solve the 2-digit numbers from the 3-digit numbers.  Then attach the puzzle pieces in the correct positions.  Picture shows two kids sledding down a hill.
2nd through 4th Grades
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Practice 3-digit Subtracting problems that require borrowing across zero
2nd through 4th Grades
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Common Core
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Graph Paper Math
This subtraction worksheet has pictures of cute dragons.  3-digits with borrowing.
2nd through 4th Grades
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Graph paper subtraction will ensure kids can line up their place value columns perfectly.
2nd through 4th Grades
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Common Core
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Subtracting on graph paper gives kids plenty of room to write their numbers and illustrates place value
2nd through 4th Grades
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QR Code Activities
Scan the QR codes with an iPad or smartphone to view subtraction word problems. Solve and show your work in the space provided.
(Note: This worksheet requires students to use a smartphone or tablet with a QR code scanner.)
2nd through 4th Grades
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Common Core
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Scan the QR codes with an iPad or smartphone to view subtraction word problems. Solve and show your work in the space provided.
(Note: This worksheet requires students to use a smartphone or tablet with a QR code scanner.)
2nd through 4th Grades
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Common Core
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Math Games and
Task Cards
Here's a complete class set of thirty task cards with 3-digit subtraction problems on them. Use them to create your own classroom learning center. You can also use them to play math games, such as Scoot! Or place them under your document camera during your math lesson.
3rd and 4th Grades
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In this game, students move to each desk in the classroom and solve 3-digit subtraction problems.
2nd through 4th Grades
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In this game, students must figure out the correct locations for the missing digits in each subtraction problem. Includes 12 task cars and a student answer page.
3rd through 5th Grades
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Addition and
Subtraction Mixed
Complete the bar models (sometimes known as part-part-whole illustrations or tape diagrams) by adding or subtracting.
2nd through 4th Grades
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Common Core
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These tape diagrams (bar models) have space on the right-hand side for students to show their work. This is a 2-page file.
2nd through 4th Grades
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Students must determine whether they need to add or subtract to solve each problem.
3rd through 5th Grades
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Students must determine whether they need to add or subtract to solve each problem.
2nd through 4th Grades
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Common Core
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Mental Subtraction
(Subtraction Patterns)
Why was the music teacher locked out of her classroom? To find the answer, solve the mental-math subtraction problems. Each problem has 2, 3, 4, or 5-digit numbers. (example: 900-200)
2nd through 4th Grades
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Subtraction Worksheet Generator
Subtraction Worksheet Generator

Make custom worksheets with your own 2, 3, 4, or 5-digit subtraction problems. Choose vertical or horizontal problems. You can even write your own title and choose a custom header.

See also:
4-Digit Subtraction

This page has a large selection of 4-digit subtraction worksheets, task cards, and games.

More Subtraction

Printable subtraction worksheets with single and multi-digit problems. This index page will direct you to 2-digit problems, subtraction without borrowing, or even decimal subtraction.

Math Worksheets

Download and print thousands of math worksheets on a variety of topics, including addition, multiplication, symmetry, bar graphs, counting money, telling time, and patterns.