Common Core Alignment:.

3.OA.1:

Operations And Algebraic Thinking

Represent And Solve Problems Involving Multiplication And Division.

Interpret products of whole numbers, e.g., interpret 5 x 7 as the total number of objects in 5 groups of 7 objects each. For example, describe a context in which a total number of objects can be expressed as 5 x 7.

3.OA.3:

Operations And Algebraic Thinking

Represent And Solve Problems Involving Multiplication And Division.

Use multiplication and division within 100 to solve word problems in situations involving equal groups, arrays, and measurement quantities, e.g., by using drawings and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem.1

4.OA.2:

Operations And Algebraic Thinking

Use The Four Operations With Whole Numbers To Solve Problems.

Multiply or divide to solve word problems involving multiplicative comparison, e.g., by using drawings and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem, distinguishing multiplicative comparison from additive comparison.1

4.NBT.5:

Number And Operations In Base Ten

Use Place Value Understanding And Properties Of Operations To Perform Multi-Digit Arithmetic.

Multiply a whole number of up to four digits by a one-digit whole number, and multiply two two-digit numbers, using strategies based on place value and the properties of operations. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models.